A part from hunting there are other activities that are necessary in the day to day running of the Enterprise. Many of them are not directly connected with hunting, but they ensure the best possible final result.
Farmed Crops, meadows and pastures
Upkeep of the fields and meadows on the Enterprise is part of the priority program to maintain the overall quality of the habitat. The main aim is to reach the same situation that existed in the late 1980's when the same area produced the most and best quality game. Due to changes in social and economic conditions causing the depopulation of villages and the almost complete elimination of domestic livestock herds, the roll must now be taken on by the Enterprise. This is only possible with the maximum mechanization of activities and year-round work.
A program of seasonal activities has been developed, which allows priorities to be addressed at the most appropriate time. The farming side of the Enterprise area aims to primarily provide food for wildlife during periods of its natural scarcity, late summer and early autumn, when everything is dry and winter when little grows.
This requires a different approach from traditional agriculture due to summer planting, work in harsh and remote terrain, poor soils and high altitude.
The success of the campaign depends not only on the appropriate tillage and timely sowing of food crops, but climatic conditions also have a part to play, rainfall in early September is random and an uncontrollable factor.
Different crops are sown which are grazed on when green by the game, in addition about 1,500 acres of high quality hay is farmed providing winter feed.
Bracken (Pteridium aquilinum L.)
Bracken is a perennial with a deep underground root system and is widespread throughout the Bulgaria up to about 1,800 m above sea level. Bracken can spread several meters wide but its stem is only 1.5 to 10 mm thick. There are many stems to each plant but each has only one leaf. Bracken leaves reach a height most commonly from 0.5 to 1.5 meters, but sometimes up to 2-3 meters. The leaves are light green in colour, ‘V’ shaped with a feathery texture. On the underside of the leaf there are lines of spores which are protected by the curved quality of the leaf itself. This leaf shape and spore arrangement is specific to bracken and distinguishes it from other types of fern found in Bulgaria.
Bracken is a blight on the mountain pasture on the northern slopes of Stara Planina. This is even more apparent after 20 years of carelessness and neglect the fern has taken hold of large areas of otherwise highly productive pastures and alpine meadows. The demise of the flocks of sheep, herds of cattle and horses have left wild game as the only consumer in these areas.
For many years Lagat has tried to combat this weed, in 2008 work started with a scientific method of using a selective herbicide. After the bracken has died, intensive work on the soil begins with a verity of tractor drawn tilling equipment, then fresh grass is sown using a type highly suited to the condition of the area. This way with intensive follow up work there is the swift development of the grass, which hopefully will not permit the return of the fern.
Restoration of old fields, pastures, roads, and tracks...
The success of the Enterprise due to different factors, these primarily include environmental, economic and social conditions.
Gone are many thousands of villagers that used to work every possible piece of land, and tens of thousands of cows, horses and sheep. As the villages were depopulated, it gradually led to changes in the local environment. Roads fall into disrepair and track way become overgrown and eventually lost. Because of this the Enterprise has to use daily resources to restore and maintain these areas, as left unchecked they will be become even more overgrown and not contribute anything.
Base for intensive game care.
Built between 2004 - 2005, in the area of “Zelenikovets” is the base where the intensive care of game is carried out, the area conditions replicate the natural habitat of the red deer. This gives optimum conditions on a small sale for the deer and helps attract different wide life into the region from other areas.
Alpine meadows, pastures and open fields, combined with beech forests is a typical environment found on the northern slopes of Stara Planina these are inhabited by red deer, fallow deer, roe deer, mouflon and wild boar.